A deal that lets Ukraine export grain during its war with Russia is about to expire

The U.N.-backed deal that has enabled Ukraine to export grain during its war with Russia is due to expire, with an unclear future.

The initiative in context: The “Black Sea Grain Initiative” has facilitated the international shipment of corn, wheat, barley, and other food products from three designated Ukrainian ports since July last year.
* The agreement has been seen as vital in preventing a surge in global food prices and worsening hunger.
* However, a part of the agreement which would have simplified similar exports from Russia has not been met, causing uncertainty about the deal’s renewal.

Who said what: Russian President Vladimir Putin talks about complications in Russian food and fertilizer exports, implying obligations in the deal have not been fulfilled.
* Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who helped broker the deal, stated that he believes Putin will renew the agreement.

By the numbers: The U.N. announced that since the deal, 1,003 voyages have been made from the three Ukrainian ports, carrying a total of 32.8 million tons of grain and other food products.
* These shipments were received by 45 countries: 46% of the imports ended up in Asia, 40% in Western Europe, 12% in Africa, and 1% in Eastern Europe.

Ahead: The fate of the deal remains uncertain; the last ship from Ukraine departed early Sunday morning in the closing hours of the existing agreement.
* Despite the deal allowing for Ukrainian fertilizer exports, no shipments have taken place, according to the U.N.

View original article on NPR

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