Sudan’s fighting risks reigniting war in Darfur, a site of atrocities 20 years ago

Fighting in Sudan’s capital could reignite the Darfur conflict, which began two decades ago and saw widespread atrocities.

The backdrop: The Darfur conflict began in 2003 with brutal ethnic violence, involving the Janjaweed Arab militia and resulting in hundreds of thousands of deaths. The war officially ended in 2020, although sporadic incidents have occurred since.
* In the current conflict, the de-facto government and paramilitary group, Rapid Support Forces (RSF), are vying for power, with fighting now spilling over into Darfur.

Widespread destruction: Cities across Darfur, such as El Geneina, Kutum, and El Fashar, have experienced heavy fighting in recent weeks, with satellite images revealing burnt villages and destruction.
* The humanitarian situation is dire, with increasing fatalities, and more than 115,000 people have fled from Darfur to neighboring Chad.

Concerns for the future: Experts warn that the fighting could have a disastrous effect on the region’s agriculture, leading to potential food insecurity or even famine. Darfur is expected to be targeted by the RSF for the foreseeable future.

View original article on NPR

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